Though many of these concerns are valid, they vary on a case to case basis. Some have suggested that human/face to face contact is the only way a therapist can truly identify the feelings and behavior of their client. This may be true in some instances over chat therapy, however video therapy eliminates this issue, which in turn eliminates many of the ‘limits of effectiveness’ claim as well. Moreover, people living in rural areas may have spotty Internet connection. There are also some who point to transmission and server problems, an issue we found very little evidence of in our research.


Digital media[36] pose many challenges to current copyright and intellectual property laws.[37] The ease of creating, modifying and sharing digital media makes copyright enforcement a challenge, and copyright laws are widely seen as outdated.[38][39] For example, under current copyright law, common Internet memes are probably illegal to share in many countries.[40] Legal rights are at least unclear for many common Internet activities, such as posting a picture that belongs to someone else to a social media account, covering a popular song on a YouTube video, or writing fanfiction. Over the last decade the concept of fair use has been applied to many online medias.
Online learning is transformative, not only reshaping how students learn, but how colleges and universities deliver instruction. Non-profit colleges and universities (both two- and four-year) have quickly adopted online education as a way to improve academic access and program diversity for students. Furthermore, the growing acceptance of online learning at non-profit colleges is important because—in most cases—non-profit colleges represent the best educational choice for adults who have jobs or family commitments that preclude traditional campus attendance.

Iowa Central Community College offers 7 affordable online associate-level programs. The college has an 82% recommendation rate from 11 student reviews. The 8-week online courses are taught using the iNET module located in TritonPass and the full programs typically take about two years to complete. Textbooks are offered as eBooks and cost $30 per credit hour as part of tuition. Full-time students usually take two 8-week courses at a time and classes start at the beginning of every month. All online students have access to tutoring services through a program called SmartThinking. Tuition is $315 per credit hour for undergraduate students or $7,125 per year.
The greatest asset of online learning is convenience. Many schools allow you to create your own schedule so you can attend classes, complete clinical training or even take exams when and where it is most convenient for you. This allows you to balance your education with your work schedule, any family obligations or even while traveling abroad―allowing you to never miss a beat!
At Concordia, educators have a number of graduate teacher preparation options from which to choose, including master's programs in educational leadership, special education, early childhood education, and differentiated instruction. Non-education-related master's degrees are offered in fields such as human resource management, sports management, and creative writing. The 42-credit MBA program offers a general track and a healthcare management concentration that studies trends in healthcare and business principles. A designated faculty member supports MBA students throughout the program.
Students attending Webster University study in small classes where personalized learning takes center stage. Combined, Webster's on-campus and eLearning students total approximately 17,000 students. The school has offered distance learning programs since 1999, with both undergraduate and graduate degree programs offering classwork content asynchronously to both full-time and part-time students.
Overall, the best measure of effectiveness is hearing from the thousands of existing customers already using these services. Most of them post testimonials and reviews on their websites. While some leave negative reviews, the fact that so many have had positive experiences is very telling. It means that at least to some extent, this is working. It's just a matter of trying it out oneself to make an individual determination.

Bachelor's degree programs can be earned online in fields like communication studies, business administration, the liberal arts, logistics and supply chain management, nursing, and health sciences. Master's degree programs can be earned in fields like administration -- with several areas of specialization, education -- with several areas of specialization, English, communication, and counselling. Students seeking to earn a degree at their own pace can do so with a catalog of personalized learning programs.


The value of any ranking list of schools and/or degree programs depends on having a methodologically sound assessment of each school’s/program’s characteristics, especially insofar as these can be objectively measured. A college or university is a complex entity, with numerous factors to consider, and distilling these down to the place where meaningful comparisons can be made to form a defensible ranking list becomes part science and part art.

At risk of sounding too obvious, I say, “Online, of course.” You can begin your search for a distance counselor at GoodTherapy.org. Many therapists who list with GoodTherapy.org offer distance therapy, and this will be noted in the therapist’s profile, along with types of therapy practiced and their specific approach to treatment. You can also look into websites specifically created to help people find online behavioral health care. A simple Google search will yield many options (and you may wish to compare ratings and customer feedback before settling on any one service or provider). Any of these sites will display therapist profiles and information about their therapy orientation and modalities offered, fees, and time availability.
Brandman University maintains a core commitment to delivering a real-world curriculum to their students—one that will be applicable to day one in the marketplace. Brandman’s faculty members are professionals currently working in their fields, so students can feel assured that they are receiving current best-practices. And students receive support from application to graduation through enrollment coaches, academic advisors, and career services. Top degrees include:
Campbellsville University, a comprehensive, Christian institution, offers students a wide range of associate degrees, undergraduate and graduate programs, as well as non-credit technical programs. As one of the best online colleges, Campbellsville University offers programs like certificates in Christian ministry, five associate degrees, and 20 different wholly-online master's degrees. In addition to its celebrated graduate business studies, the university focuses on teacher training, offering a selection of online master's degrees in education with 13 different specializations.
One of the most positive experiences of my online program has been connecting with people in similar situations taking courses from all over the world. In my last class, I connected with an army wife who was stationed in Germany at the time. I think that this is a unique experience. Secondly, I enjoy the flexibility online classes offer. While they are not self-paced in theory, I am able to spend more or less time on a topic within the outlined time frame based on my needs.

Campbellsville University, a comprehensive, Christian institution, offers students a wide range of associate degrees, undergraduate and graduate programs, as well as non-credit technical programs. As one of the best online colleges, Campbellsville University offers programs like certificates in Christian ministry, five associate degrees, and 20 different wholly-online master's degrees. In addition to its celebrated graduate business studies, the university focuses on teacher training, offering a selection of online master's degrees in education with 13 different specializations.

Bachelor's degrees are delivered asynchronously and can be earned online in fields like Africana studies, business administration, economy and industry, geographic information systems, meteorology, informatics, and sustainable built environments. Among other notable programs is the BAS in intelligence studies, a 2+2 program in which students transfer an AAS into the program and complete the last two years at Arizona. The program provides students with a historical, political, social, and cultural understanding of national and international intelligence agencies. The BAS in cyber operations is also a transfer-only program and immerses students in hands-on study of offensive and defensive cyber security techniques they practice within the institution's Cyber Virtual Learning Environment.
Over 16,000 students attend UChicago which offers a large variety of programs across their undergraduate College, five graduate divisions, six professional schools, as well as the Graham School of Continuing Liberal and Professional Studies. UChicago online offers a handful of open online courses as well as online courses quarterly through some of their divisions. There are professional certificates with online studies offered through the Graham School and online courses are offered through AlumniU free for UChicago alumni.
University of California, Davis is a public research university located in Davis, California and is a member of the University of California system. UC Davis is also considered one of the Public Ivies as its education is considered to be the equivalent to one earned through an Ivy League school. The school was established in 1905 and was originally the University Farm, but in 1959 it was decided to convert UC Davis to a general education campus.
Second, make sure all target schools have been accredited by one of the six regional accrediting agencies and/or, if it's an online-only school, by the Distance Education and Training Council. Accreditation means potential colleges and its target programs have been thoroughly vetted by an independent higher education agency endorsed by the U.S. Department of Education (check out the best accredited online colleges of 2016). Finally, make sure you know exactly what you need from an online degree. The flexibility offered by many programs is great, but the curriculum, professors and resources should have the same quality as their campus counterparts. Don't be afraid to call up counselors and talk to current and former students.
Lastly, assess how well, or even whether, the school trains its faculty to teach online. Not every professor is cut out for online teaching. He or she needs to be comfortable with technology and be able to engage a virtual audience. Looking at a school's faculty website pages might give you a sense of the resources and training related to online teaching that are available to faculty, as well as the school’s expectations of faculty who teach online.
Counselors who support active duty military must be able to accept TRICARE, the healthcare program for military personnel and their families. To be able to do so requires a master’s degree or higher in mental health counseling or related field from an accredited university and passage of the National Counselor Examination for Licensure and Certification (NCE) or the National Clinical Mental Health Counseling Examination (NCMHCE).
Headquartered in Irvine, California, Brandman was founded in 1958 as a residential education center for Chapman University. Brandman's online programs are developed using the innovative Instructional Design for Engaged Adult Learning (iDEAL) model, which takes student flexibility and preferred learning methods into account. As a result, many of the school's courses are exclusively online and follow an asynchronous (or self-paced) timetable. A demo course created with iDEAL is available.
Best known for their dominant athletics, the University of Alabama is much more than just an athletics school. Considered one of the best schools, if not the best, in the state of Alabama, The University of Alabama has a long reputation for helping educate students that go on to do great things. The same can be said about Alabama's online school. One of the best online schools in the nation, Alabama's distance learning program offers the same high-quality, accredited education that they do on campus. Along with that, the distance learning program gives students - including military personnel and adults - the chance to study at their own pace and freedom. Alabama offers undergraduate, graduate and doctoral degrees through their online school, so students at all levels can find something to fit their needs.
The Savannah College of Art and Design eLearning experience balances flexibility with structure. Students can access lectures and course materials on their own schedules (in an asynchronous format) while completing assignments by designated due dates and participating in online class sessions. And students have access to cutting-edge technology and extensive student services like the Writer’s Studio, Academic Advising, and Counselling Services.
One of the top schools in Central Florida, Saint Leo University has established its presence in the area by having over 40 locations for students to study at. However, the online school at Saint Leo University makes up a large part of their total student body. Online degrees at Saint Leo are available to students around the world, and the quality of education is the same that students would get if they were to study on-campus. Students can also choose to do a hybrid of both online and on-campus courses to complete their degree. The flexibility of the online programs combined with the expert staff make Saint Leo's one of the best online schools for adult learners who are looking to earn a degree to further their professional career.

The traditional pitch for online degree programs is that they’re great for busy working professionals, and/or parents who need to study outside of regular hours, after the kids are in bed. But that’s limiting. Online degree programs are great for their flexibility. They don’t just fit the lifestyle of busy working professionals; they fit your lifestyle, whatever that may be. Maybe you work nights and sleep during traditional class times, or have an irregular travel schedule. Maybe you are a tornado chaser and need to head out to the Great Plains at a moment’s notice. Or maybe you’re caring for an ailing relative and need to be available to them at a moment’s notice. Not to say online degree programs aren’t great for the child-rearing and day job set, just that other lifestyles often get ignored in the online marketing materials.
A member of the Association of American Universities (an association of excellent North American research universities), Pennsylvania State University is accredited by the Middle States Commission on Higher Education (MSCHE). Penn State’s Smeal College of Business also holds programmatic accreditation from the Association to Advance Collegiate Schools of Business (AACSB International).
Online graduate students enrolled at Northeastern can choose from 37 master's degree pathways. These include nine degrees in business- and management-related fields, seven in health and human services and five in education. The university also offers several highly specialized programs for online master's students, including tracks in energy systems, geographic information technology, homeland security, security and resilience studies and two degrees concentrated in regulatory affairs. Doctorates in education and transitional physical therapy are also available in a primarily online format. Additionally, two undergraduate certificates and 30 graduate certificates can be earned entirely online within one year of full-time study.

The Savannah College of Art and Design (SCAD) is home to a collaborative online environment designed specifically for nontraditional learners. Students can earn a top-ranked bachelor’s degree or an Master of Arts in an extensive offering of programs that range from painting, fashion, and interior design to photography, animation, and game development. Top online degrees include:
Many students enroll at public colleges in their own state to qualify for lower in-state tuition rates. However, several public colleges now offer in-state tuition rates to all online students, even if you don't live in the same state as the school. This can mean savings of thousands of dollars a year, which means you pay less out-of-pocket and take out fewer loans. If you are looking for a degree with a high return on investment, or are entering a field that doesn't pay a six-figure salary, do your research to find out if the program you are interested in can be found somewhere where you qualify for in-state tuition.

All schools included above were required to offer at least 10 online degrees. Degree coverage was determined based on data from The National Center for Education Statistics (NCES) and from schools' official websites, collected in 2018. Annual tuition data was collected from the NCES or a school representative. Recommend rates reflect internal data, which is calculated based on student reviews submitted to our partner site, GradReports.com.


Courses are taught asynchronously, some with varying start dates throughout the year. Many of the school’s online degree programs give students the option to complete their degree in an accelerated timeframe. Additionally, the school allows students to transfer up to 90 credits from a regionally accredited institution. Support services include free tutoring through Smarthinking, a writing center, and academic success workshops. Whether studying on campus or online, students at Regis University are taught by faculty who incorporate real-world experience into the classroom curriculum.
Once you know what you want from your education, spend time networking with people in your desired field and doing online research to find out what kind other professionals in your situation chose to do. You could look at the kinds of companies you want to work for and see where their employees went to school. One big benefit of going to graduate school, even through an online program, is the relationships you develop with other students and instructors. These relationships will results in a strong professional network, which can help you out in a variety of ways for years to come.
Campbellsville University, a comprehensive, Christian institution, offers students a wide range of associate degrees, undergraduate and graduate programs, as well as non-credit technical programs. As one of the best online colleges, Campbellsville University offers programs like certificates in Christian ministry, five associate degrees, and 20 different wholly-online master's degrees. In addition to its celebrated graduate business studies, the university focuses on teacher training, offering a selection of online master's degrees in education with 13 different specializations.
Rutgers offers master's degrees in engineering, liberal studies, public administration, social work, and business administration. The 36-credit master of information integrates the theory and practice of library and information science; students learn to safeguard and distribute intellectual, cultural, and technological records. The 30-credit master of accountancy in governmental accounting prepares professionals for careers in government financial management, auditing, and accounting, and meets the 150-hour CPA exam requirement. The school is lauded for its world-renowned faculty, many of whom are Guggenheim or MacArthur Fellows and Pulitzer Prize or Fulbright Scholars winners.
Affordability is an important aspect of access to higher education, and UCF has been recognized (by both Forbes and Kiplinger’s) for being one of the most affordable and best-value universities in the U.S. And online students have access to a wide range of student supports—from peer-assisted tutoring and online tutors to library services, academic advising, and career services.

Undergraduate online students can choose from 63 different bachelor's degree programs. These include 28 B.A. and 26 B.S. degrees, as well as applied science bachelor's degrees in health sciences, Internet and web development and operations management. A total of 22 online minors are available, as well; these include niche fields such as family and human development, global health and sustainability. ASU Online also features 'exploratory' undergraduate degrees in four areas: health and life sciences; humanities, fine arts and design; math, physical sciences, engineering and technology; and social and behavioral sciences. These programs are geared toward students who have an interest in certain academic areas but have not yet chosen a major. In 2015, ASU Online announced a new partnership with EdX titled the 'Global Freshmen Academy'. This program is open to all incoming freshmen; candidates do not need to formally apply for enrollment in GFA, and will only asked to pay for courses that they complete with a passing grade.
Boston University, or BU, is a private research university that can be found in Boston, Massachusetts. Although today the university is nonsectarian, it has been historically affiliated with the United Methodist Church. Although the roots to the college go back to Newbury Biblical Institute in Newbury, Vermont which was founded in 1839, the school was not chartered in Massachusetts as Boston University until 1869.
The University of Delaware, or UD, is a public-funded and privately governed university located in Newark, Delaware. There are 4 other satellite campuses across the state as well. UD is the largest university in the state and has roots going back to a school which was founded in 1743, making it one of the oldest in the nation, however it was not officially chartered as an institution of higher learning until 1833.
Central Michigan University, established in 1892 as a teacher's college, today offers more than 200 majors through its undergraduate, master's, specialist and doctoral degree programs. It serves more than 20,000 students at its Mount Pleasant campus and another 7,000 students pursuing degrees and certificates wholly online. CMU is one of the small number of educational institutions to hold the two highest Carnegie research classifications. CMU Online offers wholly online degree and certificate programs held in 8-, 12- and 16-week sessions. One of the nation's best online schools, CMU Online has been ranked among the best colleges for online bachelor degrees, MBA degrees, and graduate education. Distance students have full access to CMU's Online Learning Resource Center.

The University of Missouri–Columbia is a member of the Association of American Universities (an association of excellent North American research universities). The University of Missouri is accredited by the Higher Learning Commission (HLC). The Association to Advance Collegiate Schools of Business (AACSB International) provides programmatic accreditation to University of Missouri’s Robert J. Trulaske Sr. College of Business.


Codes and information by machines were first conceptualized by Charles Babbage in the early 1800s. Babbage imagined that these codes would give him instructions for his Motor of Difference and Analytical Engine, machines that Babbage had designed to solve the problem of error in calculations. Between 1822 and 1823, Ada Lovelace, mathematics, wrote the first instructions for calculating numbers on Babbage engines. Lovelace's instructions are now believed to be the first computer program. Although the machines were designed to perform analysis tasks, Lovelace anticipated the possible social impact of computers and programming, writing. "For in the distribution and combination of truths and formulas of analysis, which may become easier and more quickly subjected to the mechanical combinations of the engine, the relationships and the nature of many subjects in which science necessarily relates in new subjects, and more deeply researched ... there are in all extensions of human power or additions to human knowledge, various collateral influences, in addition to the primary and primary object reached. "Other old machine readable media include instructions for pianolas and weaving machines.
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