Though they used machine-readable media, Babbage's engines, player pianos, jacquard looms and many other early calculating machines were themselves analog computers, with physical, mechanical parts. The first truly digital media came into existence with the rise of digital computers.[6] Digital computers use binary code and Boolean logic to store and process information, allowing one machine in one configuration to perform many different tasks. The first modern, programmable, digital computers, the Manchester Mark 1 and the EDSAC, were independently invented between 1948 and 1949.[6][7] Though different in many ways from modern computers, these machines had digital software controlling their logical operations. They were encoded in binary, a system of ones and zeroes that are combined to make hundreds of characters. The 1s and 0s of binary are the "digits" of digital media.[8]
In many online degree programs, students can access course material on their own time and in a location of their choice, regardless of their distance from a university. In others, students might attend live lectures through videoconferencing. Some programs have both. How long it takes an online learner to finish a degree program varies depending on the structure of a program’s academic calendar and the number of classes a student takes each term.

Headquartered in Irvine, California, Brandman was founded in 1958 as a residential education center for Chapman University. Brandman's online programs are developed using the innovative Instructional Design for Engaged Adult Learning (iDEAL) model, which takes student flexibility and preferred learning methods into account. As a result, many of the school's courses are exclusively online and follow an asynchronous (or self-paced) timetable. A demo course created with iDEAL is available.
A Cricket Association of Puducherry official expressed unhappiness with how events had unfolded. “It looked like Uttarakhand weren’t too keen to play. There weren’t too many balls that bounced awkwardly. And Vineet Saxena has faced Pankaj Singh so many times earlier, they were team-mates for a long time in Rajasthan. I don’t think the pitch was unplayable,” the official told ESPNcricinfo.

In the doctoral dissertation, and then later in The Journal of Professional Counseling, Dr. Anthony Centore, states the following about online services: “Since the beginning, mental health counseling practices have endured many theoretical shifts—from Freudian, to Jungian, to Rogerian, and so on. However, a recent shift concerns not therapeutic theory but the medium through which counseling is provided. While historically counseling relationships have developed through scheduled in-person communications between counselor and client, telephone and online technologies now offer new paths for the formation of those healing relationships.”
Are you considering a return to school? Do you feel uncertain about your ability to pick up where you left off? Browse our collection of student resources for a little peace of mind. Our guides are designed to help students at any level enter the classroom with confidence. Whether at home or on campus, find the help you need to get the most out of your education. Below you'll find some of our more popular resources.
At the graduate level, Excelsior allows business students to take their pick from 10 MBA specializations and four management specializations. Specialized Master of Health Sciences degrees are also available in health professions education, public health and healthcare informatics. In addition to the RN to BSN pathway, registered nurses may also enter an RN to MSN track with three specializations; these specializations are available in the standard MSN program, as well. Additional possibilities for online grad students at Excelsior include master's degrees in criminal justice, public administration and cybersecurity.
Maybe you’re balancing a full time job and family, but still want to earn a degree. Good news it that anyone can earn a degree online. The right online program can help you advance your career, or even help you enter a new industry. For those interested in furthering their education, there are thousands of online colleges to choose from. While there are several excellent online colleges to choose from, it can be overwhelming to find the right school for your needs. To help you in your search, we have put together a list of our top online colleges to help narrow it down.
Over the past 150 years, Oregon State University has built its reputation for innovative solutions to many of the world's problems, whether dealing in forestry, oceanography, marine biology, agriculture or natural resources. Today, OSU has added the field of robotics to its acclaimed specialties. The university's two campuses serve nearly 32,000 students, offering more than 200 academic programs at 11 colleges, 35 extension offices, and 15 experiment stations. OSU's eCampus degree program has been recognized among the best online colleges in the nation. There are 22 online bachelor degrees available through the eCampus, along with online master's degrees in the fields of business, natural resource sciences, science and engineering, public policy, adult education and higher education leadership, and teacher and counselor education. Online students may also complete one of 12 graduate certificates.
All of the online schools, at any degree level, featured on our website are accredited, ensuring that they meet high standards of quality. In order to be accredited, online colleges are evaluated based on criteria such as curricula, faculty, course offerings, facilities, financial resources, and support services. Accreditation in the United States comes from federal and state agencies as well as non-governmental bodies approved by the U.S. Department of Education. Accreditation not only demonstrates the quality of an online school, but can also determine whether credits are transferable to other accredited online colleges. To find out whether an accreditation agency is legitimate, make sure it is recognized by the U.S. Department of Education or the Council for Higher Education Accreditation.
The College of William and Mary offers its students nationally ranked undergraduate, graduate and professional programs through Arts & Sciences and four schools: Raymond A. Mason School of Business, William & Mary School of Education, William & Mary Law School, and William & Mary’s Virginia Institute of Marine Science (VIMS). William and Mary may be one of the oldest schools in the country, but they are keeping up with the times with offering online summer courses as well as a growing number of online and hybrid programs.

The Village Family Service Center and its counselors make every possible effort to protect your confidentiality. There are, however, limits to confidentiality—Village counselors, as required by law, are mandatory reporters of child abuse and neglect and are also required to report abuse and neglect of vulnerable adults. In such cases a report is filed with county social services. In situations where a client states suicidal or homicidal intention, our counselors by law have a duty to warn and are to make sure the client and/or threatened person/s are safe. This may require the counselor to call an emergency contact or emergency services, and in cases of threat of harm to others, warn the person who has been threatened. Further information is included in the Clients Rights and Notice of Privacy Practice forms you will review and sign prior to scheduling an appointment. 
The majority of IWU's online degree opportunities are available at the graduate level. The university's seven online MBA pathways include a general MBA, as well as dual-study MBA tracks in school administration, healthcare administration and Master of Science in Nursing (MSN). Other master's programs carry multiple specialization options, as well. These include a master's degree in counseling with six areas of concentration; a master's in education with 10 specialized tracks (many of which are subject-specific); and a master's in nursing track with seven possible specializations. Finally, grad students seeking a religious studies degree from Wesley Seminary can pursue a master's in four areas: divinity (with seven specializations); Maestría en Divinidad (Spanish-language divinity); ministry; and practical theology.
In many ways, getting a degree online is no different than getting a traditional degree. In perhaps the most important way (financially), it can be nearly the same. So proceed with caution and healthy skepticism. Consider the cost-benefit tradeoffs, and be thoughtful about taking on additional debt. You may not have pictured yourself as a strong candidate for getting your degree online, but it could just be the right — and best — decision for your particular set of circumstances.
The professional science master's degree focuses on sustainability science and prepares graduates for science careers in government, business, or nonprofits. The school offers tuition for online learners regardless of in-state or out-of-state residency, comprehensive support services for online learners, and the freedom to transfer scholarships from community colleges.
Due to the rapid evolution of online coursework, online programs are quickly becoming some of the most high-quality degree options available. To date, well over 2,000 colleges offer accredited online programs. While our list of the best online colleges and universities is a good starting point for researching programs, we've outlined additional steps you can take to narrow your list of potential schools.
Since the beginning of the internet in 1972, several creative people perceived the potential of the internet for the therapeutic communication. In 1972, computers from Stanford and UCLA simulated a psychotherapy session that was considered the very beginning of online counseling.[3] At the time the internet went public, this launch went hand in hand with the development of the first self-help groups on the internet who were, in that time, very popular. In 1995, Martha Ainsworth had a couple of psychological complaints where she wanted to get rid of it, so she began searching for a competent therapist. Because her travel requirements made it difficult for her to consult a face-to-face therapist, she searched for an effective alternative online, but only found a dozen webpages that offered online treatment for psychological complaints. Afterwards, Martha Ainsworth wanted to reach the general public with her experiences and founded a sort of clearinghouse for mental health websites, named Metanoia. This database seemed to be a very efficient store-room and by the year 2000, this clearinghouse contained over 250 websites of private practices, and more than 700 online clinics where a therapist could be contacted.[4]
Many believe that online counseling should not replace in-office counseling. Rather, it should complement your traditional counseling sessions, as online counseling offers a range of benefits to users. Others however, including thousands of satisfied customers already using online counseling services, boast that that level of connection they are able to make with their therapists online make in-person counseling unnecessary. Some of the most common benefits associated with online counseling are:
UC San Diego offers students 6 residential colleges: Revelle College, John Muir College, Thurgood Marshall College, Earl Warren College, Eleanor Roosevelt College, and Sixth College. There are 9 academic departments at UCSD which are Arts and Humanities, Biological Sciences, Business, Engineering, Physical Sciences, Social Sciences, Marine Sciences, Pre-Med, and Pre-Law. There are also online programs or courses offered from UC San Diego Extension.
In terms of confidentiality and privacy, it is important to look at practitioners who use encrypted video software. You may need to download the software they are using. This is typically an easy step, but it is an important one. Skype and FaceTime may seem like obvious, easy choices for video software, but they may not meet the HIPAA standards of privacy in your state and may not meet you or your therapist’s privacy and confidentiality standards.
Embry-Riddle Aeronautical University knows how to make education accessible for nontraditional students. Online learners have access to dedicated student advisors that help guide them through their program. And online degree programs feature multiple start times throughout the year, with 12 undergraduate and 10 graduate terms. This accelerated format propels students through the program in nine-week sessions.
Schools featured in our rankings demonstrate a commitment to high-quality education for their students. Quality is measured and weighted through various data points that are specific to each ranking topic. Each methodology drives proprietary calculations, which are grounded in statistical information, and developed to recognize academically robust, affordable colleges and programs. Sponsored school listings are separate, paid advertisements and are clearly marked with a "SPONSORED" tag to distinguish them from editorially ranked schools. Our school rankings are editorially determined, independently vetted, and are not influenced by schools that pay for advertisements. For questions regarding our rankings or sponsored schools, please email us at contact@bestcolleges.com.
At Champlain, you'll find nationally-recognized, career-focused online degree programs taught by expert practitioner-faculty; exceptional student support, from admissions representatives to academic advisors; and a flexible, personalized learning environment, all at an affordable cost. We've designed every aspect of our programs with you, the adult learner, in mind. 

Caltech has 6 academic divisions: Biology & Biological Engineering; Chemistry & Chemical Engineering; Engineering & Applied Science; Geological & Planetary Sciences; Humanities & Social Sciences; and Physics, Mathematics & Astronomy. The institute offers students a personalized education with a 3:1 student to faculty ratio. Caltech also offers online courses through platforms such as iTunes U, Coursera, and edX.
With an emphasis on public affairs, Missouri State University-Springfield trains students to become culturally competent and community-engaged, ethical leaders. While the school has a four-year campus in Springfield, two-year campus in West Plains, and a campus in China, it is also among the top accredited online colleges in the country, boasting baccalaureate degrees in fields like communication studies, criminology and criminal justice, health services, and psychology.

Purdue University often called simply Purdue, is a public research university in West Lafayette, Indiana and the flagship campus of the Purdue University system. The university was founded in 1869 and is named after benefactor John Purdue, a businessman who donated both money and land for a college of science, agriculture, and technology in exchange for the school to bear his name.

Named for its founder, this Philadelphia-based private research university first opened its doors to students in 1894. Long touted as a national leader in technology-oriented education (and named among the top 20 most innovative national universities in a 2017 ranking by U.S. News & World Report), Drexel Online currently offers more than 140 web-based degree and certificate programs.
To a certain degree, online degrees have had a persistent stigma—a reputation that they are not on-par with those earned on-campus. However, the tide seems to be shifting because non-profit colleges (both private and public) have created online programs that rival those traditional degrees. In fact, a recent study shows that 76 percent of academic leaders agree that degrees taught online are equal to their on-campus counterparts.
Accreditation verifies the legitimacy and quality of colleges, universities, and their degree programs. A school's accreditation status should be a top priority for any student applying to college because it can have a major impact on the ability to apply for financial aid or transfer credits. This information is available on each school's official website. Students can also verify a school's status through the U.S. Department of Education or the Council for Higher Education (CHEA). Both maintain lists of recognized regional, national, and programmatic accrediting agencies.

The rapid growth in online colleges and universities means that you have more choices than ever before - and therefore you have to think even more carefully about which online school is right for you. If you know exactly what you want out of a particular degree, then you can make educated choices about which schools and programs will give you an acceptable return on investment.

Pursuing an online degree requires more personal responsibility from students as they learn material and complete assignments and group work based on their own schedule. Online learners therefore need to be prepared to effectively manage their time. And though communication with instructors and students is possible through electronic means, prospective students should weigh whether they want to sacrifice face-to-face interaction for the flexibility online education provides.


Binghamton University, or officially the State University of New York at Binghamton or SUNY Binghamton, is a public research university with the main campus located in Binghamton. The university was originally established in 1946 as Triple Cities College in order to serve local WWII veterans who were returning home. Binghamton University is also considered to be one of the Public Ivies.
The path to finding the best online education isn’t set in stone. Rather, it requires serious contemplation on the student’s part. For example, what are their future goals? What aspects of higher education most appeal to them? Which aspects are a “must have” for them? The following five step process takes these questions and more into account. We’ll cover the major things prospective college students need to consider, including choosing the online delivery method, ensuring accreditation, making sure the school fits with future career goals, choosing which degree to get and how to pay for college.

5-star rated counselors - Unedited ratings and reviews from many other clients help you choose the best counselor for you. If you have the time, make sure to read counselor profiles and reviews. Fast and Affordable Help - Our counselors have years of experience helping clients like you, delivering online and private counseling services. With us, you don't pay a dime until you hire your counselor. Your sessions last as long as you want or need. If all you can afford is ten minutes, then rest assured - a lot can change in ten minutes with a great counselor too. Web & Mobile Accessibility 24/7 - Find a counselor anytime, anywhere on both web and mobile. Whether you're on the commuter rail going to an office you don't like, or abroad alone and feeling homesick, our service is always available to make sure you get the help you need when and where you need it.
At the master's level, online business students can choose two MBA specializations: business analytics or organizational leadership. Aspiring teachers also have multiple options; these include a master's in education with two specialization tracks (Adult or K-12), as well as degrees in art education, school counseling and English as a Second Language (ESL). And like OSU's online bachelor's programs, the master's list includes three environment-oriented degrees: natural resources, environmental sciences and fisheries/wildlife administration. Other online master's tracks include degrees in industrial engineering, radiation health physics, data analytics and public policy. A total of 11 online graduate certificates are offered, as well; seven are focused on environmental subjects.
One of the top accredited online colleges in the state, NAU offers five baccalaureate programs leading to BA or BS degrees. Busy professionals in any of the five programs -- management, RN to BSN, computer information technology, liberal arts, and small business administration -- study courses broken down into modules in which their real-world knowledge can be applied to learning. The programs are competency-based with no set classes or schedules.
Although many online colleges provide learning options in a variety of disciplines, some excel in a certain area or have special resources to facilitate the educational process. For example, institutions with strong art programs often have custom tools designed to organize, send and receive multiple types of digital media. Furthermore, online colleges that concentrate on healthcare and nursing establish strong relationships with hospitals and other medical facilities to ensure that students get the on-site, hands-on training they need to successfully transition from college to career.

Whether you are struggling with mental health issues, your identity, or just need someone to talk to, we believe help should be accessible to everyone. We noticed that individuals in the LGBTQ community suffer from mental health issues at a disproportionately high rate and we wanted to help. By providing online counseling to the LGBTQ community, we make help accessible and accepting of everyone. We provide a platform for people to get the help they need discreetly, affordably, and conveniently. Message your counselor whenever an issue arises. Schedule sessions that work with your schedule.
A: I think it’s because anything I put my name on, I take seriously. I remember something our CEO, Rob Klapper said, about everyone in our company being important from the janitor to the CEO and that resonated with me. When I’m responding to students, I’m not speaking for myself—I’m speaking for Ashworth College. So I treat every issue as if I had something to do with it, personally. That helps me be the very best I can be.
There is no shortage of options for degrees at North Carolina State University. A nationally ranked institution, their faculty are considered some of the best in the nation. One thing to note about NC State is that their faculty also play a large role in crafting their online courses, as well as teaching and assisting students who choose to study through the online school. There are over 350 courses offered online at NC State, as well as more than 90 degree programs to study, including graduate degrees. This allows students the chance to study toward their degree entirely online or with a combination of online and on-campus courses. NC State is considered one of the best online colleges in the nation for MBA candidates.
Graduate students enrolled at Liberty’s online programs also enjoy a wide range of online master's degree selections. Aspiring teachers seeking a Master of Education can choose from more than 15 different degree specializations, including obtaining licensure if needed. The school's MBA programs include 36-hour and 45-hour tracks that have 16 possible specializations. Online counseling options are also quite robust. For example, the master of arts (M.A.) degrees in human services counseling and pastoral counseling each feature 11 possible concentrations. Online grad students pursuing a religious master's can also earn degrees in seven different fields through the Rawlings School of Divinity. Finally, Liberty’s online programs offers web-based and blended doctoral degree programs in business, counseling, education, music, nursing and religious studies. The application fee is $40 for master’s degree programs and $50 for doctoral and postgraduate degrees.
All of the online schools, at any degree level, featured on our website are accredited, ensuring that they meet high standards of quality. In order to be accredited, online colleges are evaluated based on criteria such as curricula, faculty, course offerings, facilities, financial resources, and support services. Accreditation in the United States comes from federal and state agencies as well as non-governmental bodies approved by the U.S. Department of Education. Accreditation not only demonstrates the quality of an online school, but can also determine whether credits are transferable to other accredited online colleges. To find out whether an accreditation agency is legitimate, make sure it is recognized by the U.S. Department of Education or the Council for Higher Education Accreditation.
Baccalaureate degree programs can be earned in fields like digital journalism, global studies, integrated marketing communications, psychology, sports psychology, and strategic communications. Those seeking to become educators also have a number of degree programs from which to choose, including BA degrees in early childhood education, elementary education, English education (Nevada secondary licensure only), and mathematics (California middle and secondary school licensure). The BA in pre-law studies provides students with the educational foundation needed for admission into law school. Two programs are offered for those seeking to enter the construction industry: BS in construction engineering technology and BS in construction management.
In developing the ranking for the 100 Best Online Colleges, several pieces of data were collected in order to evaluate the institutions. A list of all colleges offering online degrees or courses was obtained from the National Center for Education Statistics (NCES) and Integrated Postsecondary Education Data System (IPEDS). In addition, data and information for online colleges and universities considered for this college ranking was obtained from Payscale, CollegeData, Niche, and individual school websites.
Students hoping to become leaders in global business have the option of pursuing Cleary's MBA in global leadership. This program prioritizes group learning projects that reflect real-life collaborative business practice. The MBA in healthcare leadership prepares a cohort of problem-solvers and leaders trained to develop sound business practices that enhance patient care. Project work is an essential part of the curriculum, and most of it is done virtually. Cleary University also offers a seven-course graduate certificate online in financial planning.
What has attracted so many people to couples’ therapy online via Regain is the fact that they don’t push both members of the couple to sign up. Instead, they realize that most people will likely start therapy on their own, and only then have their partner join in on the therapy sessions. Current success rates, according to countless online reviews, are moderately to very high.
As an online student at Creighton University, you’ll  experience both the academic rigor of campus-based courses as well as the benefits of Creighton’s exceptional sense of community. Courses provide online discussions and activities to ensure that you regularly interact with classmates. And course sizes are small so faculty can give you personalized attention. Top online degree programs include:

As members of the National Association for College Admission Counseling and the American Council on Education, the team at TheBestSchools.org has proven expertise in online education for nearly 10 years. We cover online colleges and universities more broadly and thoroughly than anyone else on the web! With over 300 online degree programs rankings, best online colleges in each state, top universities in the world rankings, and online student news and information through our magazine The Quad, we are online college experts!
Our online counselors have a minimum of a master’s degree in a mental health field and are licensed; we only provide web-based services to residents of states in which The Village Family Service Center currently has a licensed therapist available for web-based counseling. This is to ensure that all ethical and practice standards of your state of residence are followed and you get the best services possible. We will match you up with a counselor who is appropriately licensed and specially trained to provide web-based counseling. For further information on the qualifications of all our therapists go to our Counselors page.
Online learning benefits each student differently. Some students may need the time flexibility, where they can hop online and submit materials after hours or early in the morning before work. Others gravitate toward the location flexibility, being able to work from home, a coffee shop or anywhere else that fits into their lifestyle. And for those who need a hands-on element to their education, many online programs have the best of both worlds, allowing for remote coursework but including campus-based or other on-site laboratory experiences.
There are many reasons why it is important to know which subjects you want to study before you pick a school. Even though there are more online colleges than ever before, most schools only offer a select number of bachelor's degrees entirely online. Knowing what you want to study ahead of time will help you narrow your choices to schools that offer online bachelor's degrees in your area of interest. There is also evidence that what you study in college has a much bigger effect on post-graduate income than which college you attend.

All psychologists and other professional health providers must be licensed by the state in which they practice. Licensure laws protect you by ensuring only those who are trained and qualified to practice receive a license. It also ensures that you have recourse if there are problems with your treatment. Before you sign up for any Web services, find out who you are working with, if he or she has a license, where that license is held and the license number. Most states offer an online, searchable directory of professionals licensed in their state.
Overall, the best measure of effectiveness is hearing from the thousands of existing customers already using these services. Most of them post testimonials and reviews on their websites. While some leave negative reviews, the fact that so many have had positive experiences is very telling. It means that at least to some extent, this is working. It's just a matter of trying it out oneself to make an individual determination.
To become a military counselor, any individual must have obtained at least, their master’s degree in counseling, psychology, or social work. Some states do offer an add-on certification which guides applicants through veteran and military specific counseling courses, such as those offered by the Licensed Professional Counselors Association of North Carolina (LPCANC). Some universities and colleges may offer an add-on certification for work with the military population. While a certification is not a requirement for practice, it is a benefit for both the counselor and employers seeking military counseling professionals.
Headquartered in Irvine, California, Brandman was founded in 1958 as a residential education center for Chapman University. Brandman's online programs are developed using the innovative Instructional Design for Engaged Adult Learning (iDEAL) model, which takes student flexibility and preferred learning methods into account. As a result, many of the school's courses are exclusively online and follow an asynchronous (or self-paced) timetable. A demo course created with iDEAL is available.

A: Oddly enough, no. (Laughs). I prefer face-to-face conversations and being able to read body language and hear someone’s tone. That’s why when I receive a complaint over social media, I read the complaint over and over and over. I’m really trying to “hear” what the person is saying, so I can respond appropriately and give them the answers they need.
Real-time tracking of click and conversion results from email, paid search, and online media campaigns is essential to online success. It can translate into tremendous savings by minimizing wasteful spending on non-performing impressions and placements and boost ROI by focusing funds on successful placements. Overdrive’s serving and tracking technology are the best available and generate easy-to-read reports that can display short, mid and long-term campaign results with minimal set-up. Add this to our rapid trafficking procedures and aggressive media cancellation clauses and our team has the ability to help an organization discover viable online marketing channels with a minimum amount of time and waste.
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