Codes and information by machines were first conceptualized by Charles Babbage in the early 1800s. Babbage imagined that these codes would give him instructions for his Motor of Difference and Analytical Engine, machines that Babbage had designed to solve the problem of error in calculations. Between 1822 and 1823, Ada Lovelace, mathematics, wrote the first instructions for calculating numbers on Babbage engines. Lovelace's instructions are now believed to be the first computer program. Although the machines were designed to perform analysis tasks, Lovelace anticipated the possible social impact of computers and programming, writing. "For in the distribution and combination of truths and formulas of analysis, which may become easier and more quickly subjected to the mechanical combinations of the engine, the relationships and the nature of many subjects in which science necessarily relates in new subjects, and more deeply researched ... there are in all extensions of human power or additions to human knowledge, various collateral influences, in addition to the primary and primary object reached. "Other old machine readable media include instructions for pianolas and weaving machines.

The Average Net Price of Attendance is converted to an Affordability Factor using our formula shown in the chart on the right. Online colleges with the lowest in-state COA are given the highest numbers for their affordability. For many students, affordability of a college degree is a huge factor. Taking on great amounts of debt in order to pursue their career is often not part of their future plan. Finding an affordable online college is a priority.
Overall, the best measure of effectiveness is hearing from the thousands of existing customers already using these services. Most of them post testimonials and reviews on their websites. While some leave negative reviews, the fact that so many have had positive experiences is very telling. It means that at least to some extent, this is working. It's just a matter of trying it out oneself to make an individual determination.
Military personnel may require assistance during training, deployment, transition from active duty and in retirement. They may face a variety of psychological and social issues including depression and anxiety, posttraumatic stress disorder, substance abuse and family and marital issues.  Additionally, personnel returning home may seek support with their transition back to civilian life, including career and education assistance.
The school's online bachelor's selection offers a mix of technical, business, liberal arts and religious studies. Two bachelor's degrees, aviation studies and aviation management, are offered through LeTourneau's aviation and aeronautical science department; these options are geared toward military veterans and retired personnel seeking a college degree as they transition back to civilian life. Business-minded undergrads can select from bachelor's programs in business administration, business/nonprofit management, computer information systems, health care management and health care systems. Aspiring educators can also pursue two bachelor's pathways -- early childhood to 6th grade, and 4th to 8th grade -- that result in full certification in the state of Texas. Other online bachelor's degrees are available in biblical studies and ministry, criminal justice, human services and psychology. LeTourneau's accelerated course structure allows students to complete most courses in three to seven weeks.
11. Webcasting:
Managing the logistics of an online media campaign is complex. There can be literally dozens of different units with several creative versions and phases all going out to a variety of online properties. Tracking, reporting and optimization are essential but add further complexity. Overdrive’s online media team has the experience and banner serving technology to deploy turnkey online media campaigns and to handle the daily tasks associated with their operation and optimization, allowing clients to focus on their own business.
The school's options for business administration degrees are particularly extensive; students may choose from degree concentrations in 16 different fields, including digital marketing and advertising, entrepreneurship, financial planning, green and sustainable management, marketing analytics and project management. Criminal justice majors may also pick a degree specialization from fields like homeland security, juvenile justice and public administration. As a faith-based university, Liberty’s Online programs also offers degrees in religion (with four concentrations), biblical and educational studies and Christian leadership and management, as well as a Christian counseling concentration for psychology majors. A total of 24 online minors are also available to undergraduates, four of which are focused on Christian studies. There also are undergraduate degrees in aviation, communications, education, history, information technology, nursing, and more.
One in three U.S. college students is now taking at least one class online, according to the National Center for Education Statistics (NCES). Many leaders in education predict digital learning will become even more of an everyday experience for college students and recommend that high schools require students to take one online course before graduation, a requirement many high schools have already adopted.
There are many different ways students can pursue an excellent education at the University of Virginia. Students who study on campus have access to many different schools, each with their own set of accredited degrees. Also useful for students is the online education offered by UVA. Because of the size and scope of the school, UVA offers different types of online programs. One popular option is their School of Continuing and Professional Studies, best for students that want to further their career either with a bachelor's degree, graduate degree or certificate. Also available is a master's degree in engineering. UVA is considered to be one of the best online schools in the nation for an online master's in engineering, so students who want to earn a graduate degree that fits their schedule may find this is the perfect fit.
The University of Missouri–Columbia is a member of the Association of American Universities (an association of excellent North American research universities). The University of Missouri is accredited by the Higher Learning Commission (HLC). The Association to Advance Collegiate Schools of Business (AACSB International) provides programmatic accreditation to University of Missouri’s Robert J. Trulaske Sr. College of Business.
The University of Pittsburgh comprises 17 schools and colleges which serve both their undergraduate students as well as graduate students. There are a wide variety of majors, minors, and graduate programs offered at Pitt. In addition, Pitt offers a number of online programs and courses for students who desire the flexibility that online education can provide.
Distance learning has a wide appeal to a diverse population of Americans. It offers students a number of advantages, many of which dovetail with other social or lifestyle needs. Online courses and degree programs suit working professionals who are looking to move up to management roles, often with their employers paying part or all of their tuition. It’s a powerful option for stay-at-home parents who are preparing for a new or re-entry career when they head back to work. Pearson Learning Solutions Senior VP Todd Hitchcock reports:
Online therapy, the digital-age version of counseling services, is a more affordable, convenient and discrete method of receiving therapy. Several years ago, a few pioneers saw a large opportunity in the mental health industry. They noticed that millions of people were living without access to professional help. They also understood that physical services were being replaced with digital alternatives that can save time for customers. These innovators decided to create online therapy platforms, which essentially connect licensed psychologists and people suffering from mental health issues such as depression, stress and anxiety, among dozens of other clinically defined disorders. While the online therapy industry is still in its early years, as it currently stands, there is no shortage of online therapy providers available to people looking for professional help. There are close to a dozen services, each offering its own unique set of features that appeal to the needs of different types of patients. The number of providers will only grow as the demand increases over time. Therefore, we have evaluated each of the major online therapy brands, outlining all of the pertinent information one needs to make an informed decision.
More psychologists are exploring online sites and apps just as more patients are interested in using them. Research does show that some technological tools can help when used in conjunction with in-office therapy. Many psychologists and patients are finding text messages helpful for quick check-ins or reminders. Some apps can help track and log moods or thoughts. Web-conferencing and streaming in real time can offer continuity when a patient is on vacation or not able to make a regular session. There are cases in which Web-conferencing or therapy via telephone does seem to be a viable option on its own for some people. But for now, with the current research and with the current technology, mobile apps and text messaging are best used as complementary to in-person psychotherapy.
Master’s degrees are available in accounting, criminal justice, sociology, and engineering, each with corresponding concentrations. Master’s programs offered in a blended format include the MS in health informatics, the MAED in special education-collaborative teacher, and the MS in health information-executive format. Notably, the University of Alabama at Birmingham’s online master’s of public health has several concentrations delivered fully online, including epidemiology, health behavior, industrial hygiene, and occupational health and safety. The 44- to 45-credit master of science in nursing— nurse practitioner provides nurses with specializations in women’s health, family healthcare, and psychiatric-mental health.
Binghamton University, or officially the State University of New York at Binghamton or SUNY Binghamton, is a public research university with the main campus located in Binghamton. The university was originally established in 1946 as Triple Cities College in order to serve local WWII veterans who were returning home. Binghamton University is also considered to be one of the Public Ivies.
Online resources for students include the library, online writing center (OWL), counselling services, and library services. The Transfer Evaluation System has made transferring into its baccalaureate programs easy by providing students with information about which classes transfer. Online students attending Eastern New Mexico enjoy the second-lowest tuition rate in the state and one of the most affordable in the country.

The faculty at Northern Arizona University provides students with personalized mentorship in order to help them reach their potential. Whether learners are high school students heading for college or working professionals, the school's 151 degree programs offer many options. Northern Arizona's virtual campus is home to more than 80 fully online and hybrid bachelor's and graduate degree programs. While most courses are delivered asynchronously, students also have the option to select class delivered synchronously.
In addition to the College and Graduate School, Brown University also has the School of Engineering, School of Public Health, Alpert Medical School, and the School of Professional Studies in order to serve its over 9,000 students. Brown University offers online pre-college and undergraduate courses as well as blended learning professional programs in several areas of study.

The most obvious difference between counseling online (web-based) and counseling in the office is that you can get counseling from the comfort and privacy of your own home, and you save the time and expense of traveling to a counseling office. If you have children at home, it can also save you the cost of child care or dealing with the difficulties of bringing children along to an in-office session. In terms of effectiveness, the research from Kessler, Amstadter and the American Telemedicine Association (ATA) has shown that for most issues, web-based therapy is as effective as in-office therapy. To ensure web-based sessions are as confidential as our in-office sessions, The Village Family Service Center uses an encrypted web service [Nefsis] so what you share in session stays between you and the counselor.

The school offers bachelor's programs in business, child development, criminal justice, healthcare administration, and information technology management. Respiratory therapists can work full-time and still complete the 44-credit, accelerated BS in pulmonary science. The 40-credit BA in organizational management and leadership immerses students in study of group behavior, and how it impacts organizational effectiveness.


This private, Ivy League research university can be found in New Haven, Connecticut. The roots of Yale University, or simply Yale, can be traced as far back as the 1640s, but the school charter was not officially granted until 1701. In 1718 the school officially became Yale College, naming itself after a Welsh merchant and benefactor named Elihu Yale.
UMass Amherst contains 9 schools and colleges and offers over 100 undergraduate programs, 75 master’s, and over 45 doctoral programs to the more than 30,000 students who are enrolled. Online education at the University of Massachusetts Amherst includes not only courses but also more than 40 total programs for undergraduates and graduates, as well as certificate programs. UMass online also offers programs through multiple campuses in the University of Massachusetts system which is even more variety with hundreds of choices.

Through Bachelor of Arts completion programs and self-paced graduate programs, students will experience a customizable education experience with career-focused content. DU’s philosophy is to embrace technology to improve and accelerate learning for busy adults. Online classes present the same content and are driven by the same academic outcomes as campus-based classes but in a flexible, accessible, and affordable format.
Forums were originally used in Ancient Greece and the Roman Empire as a place where the public gathered and discussed the latest news, politics or philosophy. When the World Wide Web gathered popularity and Internet access became something normal and not a luxury, forums saw a second coming. Online forums, or discussion boards, are widely popular, since they allow everybody, connected to the web to share their opinion on a certain topic. And while in the beginning forums were difficult to maintain, with the introduction of databases, such as MySQL and PostgreSQL, and scripting languages, such as PHP and Perl, forums became very easy to create, maintain and manage.
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